What Are The Diseases And Chronic Conditions Associated With Aging?

Are you in your late 30s or middle age and are wondering when the age related disease start showing up?

Do you want to take preventive measures against some of the most common conditions associated with aging?

It is true that ageing brings with it certain health issues that cannot always be avoided. However, taking care, timely diagnosis and treatment, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can often help you avoid the same, or recover faster and better.

Today we share with you the 10 most common diseases and chronic conditions that are most often associated with ageing, what causes them and how you can treat the same.

At what age do chronic conditions and diseases typically start to manifest? Should you start to watch out for these when you cross 50 or 60? Is it younger for some?

How your body reacts to certain conditions and whether or not you develop any chronic medical conditions depends on a lot of factors.

  • However, once you cross your 50s, it is always best to stay safe and take adequate protection and medical advice, to make sure you are healthy and are not developing any serious health issues.
  • Also, in some cases, those who are younger, sometimes even in their early 40s, may develop chronic conditions and diseases that are largely associated with old age. The best way to keep yourself healthy is to regularly get yourself diagnosed and keep checking with your doctor about the same.


12 Diseases And Chronic Conditions That Are Typically Associated With Age


1. Heart disease

This is a chronic condition that largely affects men and women who are above the age of 65.

the diseases and chronic conditions associated with aging

Causes

  • There are various risk factors that could increase your chances of heart disease.
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption
  • Previous history of heart issues
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Excessive weight or obesity

How to treat

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Cut down or quit smoking and drinking
  • Reduce your salt intake
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid eating fried or greasy foods
  • Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables

2. Diabetes 

Diabetes is a condition in which your body is not able to properly produce the amount of insulin that is required for its healthy functioning. Your body is also not able to respond properly to the insulin hormone. This causes a spike in the level of glucose that is present in your body.

the diseases and chronic condition

Causes

  • Genetic makeup
  • Ethnicity
  • Family medical history
  • Problems with the immune system
  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Exposure to chemical toxins through food
  • Poor eating habits
  • Lack of exercise
  • PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Ageing
  • Pancreatitis
  • Prolonged use of glucocorticoid therapy
  • Cushing’s syndrome

How to treat

  • Keeping blood sugar levels within the required range
  • Planning a diabetic specific meal and following it regularly without fail
  • Planning a physical activity routine and following it regularly without fail
  • Insulin injections on a daily basis as many times as required
  • Testing blood glucose levels each day as many times as required
  • Oral medication as prescribed by doctor

3. Hypertension 

This is a health condition in which the levels of blood pressure are excessively high. It means that, the force with which the blood pushes against the walls of your arteries is too high.

chronic conditions associated with aging

Causes

  • Some other health condition or medication that you are taking for some treatment
  • Chronic kidney disease, or CKD, in which case your kidneys are not able to filter out the fluid the way they are meant to, leading to a build-up.
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Regular use of tobacco or alcohol
  • Men are more prone to the same than women

How to treat

  • Regular exercise
  • Reduce stress
  • Reducing or quitting alcohol consumption and tobacco use
  • Taking medication as prescribed by doctor
  • Reducing salt intake

4. Urinary incontinence

This is a condition where you do not have enough control over your bladder, and may release urine without actually meaning to.

the diseases associated with aging

Causes

  • Having aerated drinks
  • Eating very spicy foods
  • Taking medications for heart or blood pressure
  • If you have urinary tract infection
  • Constipation
  • Enlarged prostate

How to treat

  • Kegel exercise
  • Learning how to hold on to the urine
  • Maintaining a toilet timetable
  • Medications
  • Medical devices
  • Botox

5. Arthritis

This is a condition when your joints are stiff and inflamed, causing pain.

old age diseases

Causes

  • Injury
  • Metabolic abnormalities
  • Viral or bacterial infections
  • Hereditary
  • Immune system disorder

How to treat

  • Physical therapy
  • Cold therapy
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Pain medications
  • Injections
  • Splinting

6. Osteoporosis

This is a bone disease when your body produces or loses a large amount of bone, where the bones become weak and can easily break.

conditions associated with aging

Causes

  • Loss of bone mass
  • Age
  • The amount of bone mass your body created in youth
  • Women are more prone than men
  • Smaller body frame
  • Family history
  • Hormonal imbalance

How to treat

  • Medication
  • Hormone therapy

7. Alzheimer’s

This chronic disease affects memory and destroys various mental functions.

the diseases and chronic conditions related with aging

Causes

  • Brain cell death
  • Shrinking of the brain size
  • Fewer nerve cells and connections in the brain tissue

How to treat

  • Managing the conditions and symptoms separately
  • Regulated and monitored play and activity time
  • Regulated and monitored exercise
  • Support groups
  • Drug therapy

8. Cancer

It is a disease where abnormal cells multiply at an uncontrolled level and destroy tissues in the body.

old age chronic conditions

Causes

  • Inherited genetic defects
  • Poor lifestyle
  • Smoking, alcohol, substance abuse
  • Environmental reasons
  • Infections

How to treat

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Medical care for symptoms
  • Pain medications
  • Anti-nausea medications
  • Combination therapy involving one or more types of treatment

9. Depression

This is a serious mental health condition that leads to a constant low mood and loss in social activities or any involvement.

disease and chronic condition associated with aging

Causes

  • Chemical imbalance in the brain
  • Genetics
  • Environmental factors such as abuse, neglect, violence
  • Personality

How to treat

  • Medication
  • Talk therapy
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

10. Shingles

This is a severe and painful infection caused by the same virus as chicken pox.

diseases related with old age

Causes

  • Viral infection
  • Weak immune system
  • Age
  • Stress
  • Certain medications

How to treat

  • Vaccination
  • Anti-histamine
  • Pain killers
  • Antiviral medication

11. Obesity

This is a serious condition where your body weight is way in excess of normal.

conditions related with age

Causes

  • Excessive calorie intake
  • Lack of sleep and exercise
  • Lack of movement
  • Other health conditions
  • Medications

How to treat

  • Professional meal plan
  • Monitored exercise program
  • Psychological support
  • Surgery if required
  • Change of medication

12. Respiratory diseases

These are mainly the conditions that affect the upper respiratory tract.

what are diseases related with age

Causes

  • Ageing
  • Weaker lungs
  • Weaker immunity
  • Longer exposure to smoke
  • Changes in lung tissue

How to treat

  • Medication
  • Vaccination
  • Breathing exercises
  • Medical devices if required

What 3 factors contribute to a person getting one of more of these diseases? 

Genes: 

  • If your parents, siblings, aunts, uncles, grandparents or any family member had them, your risk of having the same health condition goes up significantly.

Lifestyle: 

what are chronic diseases
  • Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as no exercise, eating more junk and processed food, less sleep, smoking, alcohol consumption increase the risk.

Other health conditions: 

  • Certain chronic health conditions related to ageing can also lead to other health issues.

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